The difference between psychology and psychiatry is not clear to many people. When people think of a psychiatrist or psychologist, they usually think of someone who helps people talk through problems, or treat various mental disorders.
They both treat people with problems such as schizophrenia or depression. However, that is the method they use to treat their different patients, so when you look at psychology vs. psychiatry you need to understand each other's methods.
What is Psychiatry?
Psychiatry is a medical science that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental problems and illnesses. Especially, psychiatrists care about mental health problems. They often treat patients suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, personality disorders, dementia, and depression.
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What is Psychology?
Psychology is the study of human thoughts and human behavior, in terms of emotions, feelings, and mental characteristics of a person, interactions with others, and how people function in society. Psychology is often referred to as 'the science of the mind'. Psychologists generally treat people who have anger, anxiety, mild depression or other stress problems.
When considering psychology vs. psychiatry, one of the main differences is the educational background needed for each profession. A psychiatrist must have a degree in medicine.
After they receive a degree in medicine, a psychiatrist must complete four years of residency in mental health. Some psychiatrists also seek further education who are instructed to specialize in certain fields, such as child psychiatry.
Psychologists, unlike psychiatrists, are not qualified, medical doctors. A psychologist must undergo doctoral training to receive a doctorate degree, which usually takes about five to seven years to complete.